I will answer these questions.
The history of black tea, the effects of Darjeeling tea and how to drink it
Genkichi Tada, who lived on tea leaves in modern Japan!
The suicide of Motokichi Tada, the first Japanese to reach Darjeeling in India, was driven into a corner.
“We must bring the ABCs of tea making back to Japan.”
This article is about Genkichi Tada, who brought Darjeeling tea back to Japan and grew the tea leaves. We will also introduce the effects of Darjeeling tea and how to drink it.
- Genkichi Tada, to Far Far Darjeeling
- Characteristics of Darjeeling tea flavor
Genkichi Tada, to Far Far Darjeeling
In May 1876, Motokichi Tada thought deeply, “I must bring back the ABCs of tea making to Japan.”
At the end of the Tokugawa shogunate, Japan was forced to open itself up to the Western powers. It was tea and raw silk that barely earned foreign currency.
Ever since the opening of the country, Japan’s green tea has shown good export performance. In the past, they had invited engineers from Qing to learn from them and tried to make Chinese-style black tea, but the quality of the finished product was not very good, and the reputation in Western countries was not very good.
Toshimichi Okubo, Minister of Home Affairs of the Meiji Government, gave Motokichi Tada, an official of the Kangyoryo of the Ministry of Home Affairs, a strict order, “Do whatever it takes to make domestic black tea a success!”
Riding horses and oxen, Tada Motokichi finally arrived in Darjeeling, weaving over the cliffs of Kanchenjunga (8,580m), the third highest peak in the world.
The name of this place is Tibetan and means “Land of Thunder” (Dorje Ling). During the British colonial period, it was a high-class summer resort, but tea cultivation was started by escaped British soldiers. I was.
In his diary of his business trip, Tada wrote that from the hillside to the foot of Darjeeling, which is 2,000 meters above sea level, the fog peculiar to the difference in elevation, the cold in the morning and evening, and the heat in the day (temperature difference) are the characteristics of this famous tea. I’m assuming it has a unique scent.
Tada wondered, “Is it possible to make Darjeeling tea in Japan?”
Basket roasting furnace for green tea invented by Motokichi Tada
Tada improved seedlings from seeds brought back from India, created Tada-style Indian hybrids, Tada-style Assam hybrids, etc., and promoted the improvement of black tea varieties. He improved the quality of green tea with the basket roasting furnace for green tea that he invented.
The rolling machine for tea making was also developed based on a sketch in Darjeeling.
Characteristics of Darjeeling tea flavor
Darjeeling also has three quality seasons in a year, and you can enjoy different flavors in each.
・First flush (spring picking)
From March to April, the tea plants are covered with soft new shoots all at once. The yield during this period is small and the prices are high. The appearance of the tea leaves is light green and the light blue color is orange. It has a refreshing, youthful, and powerful scent with a faint astringency. It is recommended to taste it with straight tea.
・Second flush (summer picking)
The leaves harvested from May to June are somewhat firm. The tea leaves grown in a thick fog have a good overall balance and are of the highest quality with the most substantial taste, richness and aroma. Light blue is bright, slightly darker orange. It has a refreshing astringency and richness, and the refreshing scent called “Muscat flavor” (smell like Muscat grapes) is exceptional. It is recommended to enjoy the unique scent of Darjeeling with straight tea.
・Autumn (picked in autumn)
From October to November, the tea leaves are thick and firm, and the taste is moderately astringent, and you can feel the deep and gentle taste. The light blue will be a slightly reddish dark color. Goes well with milk tea.
How to drink Darjeeling tea
Straight tea is recommended for the most delicious taste of Darjeeling tea. To enjoy the delicate aroma unique to Darjeeling tea, feel the original taste without adding anything.
delicious way to brew
Bring tap water to a boil over high heat. The teapot is quickly rinsed and warmed. Put the tea leaves in the teapot and pour boiling hot water (95℃) from a slightly higher position. After steaming for 2 minutes 30 seconds to 6 minutes, pour the last drop into the teacup.
Do you know the golden rule of tea?
There is a “Golden Rule” that can be raised as a point to brew tea deliciously, so I will introduce it.
It is a “basic rule” that was born to fully bring out the aroma and flavor that black tea originally has. This is something that has been handed down from ancient times in England, the tea superpower, and it is a point that you should definitely know if you like tea!
1. Use high quality tea leaves
The freshness of the tea leaves is important for brewing delicious black tea. Black tea brewed with old tea leaves loses its flavor and aroma. It is said that it is best to use tea leaves that have been opened for less than a month.
2. Use a preheated teapot
Even if you use freshly boiled hot water, if the teapot is still cold, the temperature of the water will cool down at once. By pre-heating the teapot with boiling water, you can brew the tea efficiently.
Also, the teapot should have a lid and should not be made of iron.
3. Measure the amount of tea leaves
The amount of tea leaves used varies slightly depending on the type of tea. It’s hard to say how many grams, but it’s generally considered to be “3 to 4 grams per cup of tea”.
We aim for just the right flavor by using the right amount of tea leaves.
4. Boil fresh tap water and use
It is said that the best way to brew delicious tea is to use water that contains a lot of air. Freshly drawn tap water contains a lot of air, and most tap water in Japan is soft water suitable for black tea, so it is perfect for brewing black tea.
5. Precisely time the steaming time
The brewing time varies depending on the type of tea leaves, so be sure to measure the brewing time that suits the tea leaves. Also, it is better to cover it with “Tea Cozy” to keep it warm while it is steaming.
Darjeeling can enjoy different aromas and tastes depending on the harvest time.
It is also attractive that you can adjust the sweetness and astringency to your liking by changing the way you drink and add it. Please find your favorite Darjeeling.
I would be happy if you could refer to it even a little.
Thank you for reading to the end.