Nobunaga Oda, the Sengoku warlord, took first place in the “Historical person who wants to be a boss” ranking selected by Generation Z, but what is this Nobunaga Oda amazing? ”
I will answer these questions.
Nobunaga Oda is the historical person I want to be my boss
The Japanese subsidiary of Baidu, a Chinese Internet search engine, has announced the top 10 historical figures chosen by Generation Z!! Nobunaga Oda, a warlord with overwhelming charisma, came in first place.
Most Japanese people know Oda Nobunaga, a warlord of the Sengoku period, but what’s so special about him? Don’t you think “He was the one who unified Japan” or “He was the one who was very strong in battle”?
NO! Neither answer is correct.
He certainly climbed to the point just before the unification of the world, but just before that he was killed in the Honnoji Incident. He lost many battles and was not exceptionally strong during the Sengoku period.
In this article, I tried to summarize Oda Nobunaga’s “what was amazing” during the Sengoku period.
- Oda Nobunaga’s childhood was a big “fool”
- Battle of Okehazama
- Oda Nobunaga was easily betrayed
- Personality of Oda Nobunaga
- Advantages of Oda Nobunaga
- Oda Nobunaga dies in the Honnoji Incident
- No. 1 historical person you want to be a boss
Oda Nobunaga’s childhood was a big “fool”
As a child, Oda Nobunaga was looked upon coldly by his retainers.
Depressed means empty. In turn, it means a vague person, a dark person, or a person who deviates from common sense. (Owari is the former name of the western part of present-day Aichi Prefecture.)
It seems that there were many vassals who decided that he was not suitable as a successor because of his lack of etiquette, such as wearing clothes that were not suitable for samurai and walking while eating without worrying about others.
In the future, if the successor of a country is incompetent, it will greatly affect the lives of the vassals, so I’m sure you were thinking very seriously about the succession problem.
In modern times, you can change jobs even if the company you work for goes bankrupt, but defeat in the Sengoku period means losing your land and property. In contrast, his younger brother Nobukatsu was serious, well-behaved, and well-respected by his vassals. Katsuie Shibata, who later became one of Oda Nobunaga’s talented retainers, also recommended his younger brother Nobukatsu as his successor.
On the other hand, his father Nobuhide Oda and Dosan Saito of the neighboring country highly valued Nobunaga Oda and recognized him as a capable person. Later, in the succession issue, Nobunaga Oda gradually gained credibility by winning the battle with his younger brother Nobukatsu Oda.
Battle of Okehazama
Oda Nobunaga ambushes Imagawa Yoshimoto in the Battle of Okehazama and succeeds in defeating him.
It was common knowledge at the time that the soldiers who killed Imagawa Yoshimoto were most appreciated, but that was not the case with Nobunaga Oda. Then, who did Oda Nobunaga value most in the Battle of Okehazama?
It is said that the messengers who accurately communicated information about Yoshimoto Imagawa’s condition and whereabouts were most appreciated.
In this era of information, the methods are different from modern times, but if you don’t have accurate information, you can make a mistake in the timing of your attack and lead to defeat. Even if it is commonplace now, it was epoch-making to evaluate messengers at that time.
Oda Nobunaga was easily betrayed
Because Oda Nobunaga was a revolutionary of the times, it is also characteristic that he had a large number of enemies. Roughly speaking, they are fighting against the shogun family (Yoshiaki Ashikaga), temples and shrines, and other Sengoku daimyo. The Azai family, the Asakura family, the Takeda family, the Hongwanji Ikko Ikki group, and so on.
The word that sticks out is hit is perfect, and the surroundings are full of enemies.
Since it is the Sengoku period, it is natural that there are many enemies, but compared to other Sengoku daimyo, the reason why there are so many enemies is by far.
he was trying to create a new government
tried to change the system of vested interests
It would be fine if a strong man ruled Japan, but at that time, it is known that he tried to create a new government when he acquired the territory of Gifu and Aichi prefectures.
And why did they fight with temples and shrines during the Sengoku period? , it was the existence of the temple at that time was a dangerous organization.
Temples in the Sengoku period were armed groups
From the Middle Ages onwards, influential temples organized monk soldiers and sometimes used force to defend their claims.
In the modern sense, the image of a temple is a sacred organization that serves Buddha.
A famous battle between temples is the Tenbunka War.
Astronomy Flower Rebellion
In July 1536, monks of Sanmon Enryaku-ji Temple expelled followers of the Kyoto Hokke sect to the outside of Kyoto by force of arms. During the Muromachi period, the Hokke sect spread among the samurai families, commerce and industry in Kyoto.
From Encyclopedia Britannica International
Oda Nobunaga has an image of unilaterally suppressing religion and temple power, but at that time he was a powerful force.
Personality of Oda Nobunaga
Oda Nobunaga has a brutal image in the world. as the reason
Destroy the Ikko Ikki
Enryakuji Temple Burning
Make the skull of the betrayed Nagamasa Asai into a cup
It has a brutal image because it executed the prisoners of war of the opposing Ikko Ikki group and the women and children who were in Enryaku-ji Temple. Even in Japan’s Sengoku period and the end of the Tokugawa shogunate, there weren’t many stories about eradicating the opponent’s power, so it may stand out even more. In this way, it is undeniable that the modern sensibility was that he was killing more than necessary.
On the other hand, as a kind human episode
Nene, Hideyoshi’s lawful wife, sent a kind letter.
I misunderstood and ordered the execution, but I was wrong and apologized to his subordinates later.
It is mentioned.
Toyotomi Hideyoshi’s lawful wife, Nene complained about Hideyoshi to Oda Nobunaga.
Nobunaga Oda sent a letter to Nene, saying, “You are not wrong. Hideyoshi is to blame. You may have something to say, but please do your best.”
In addition, there is an episode when Kuroda Kanbei, who went to negotiate with a military commander named Murashige Araki, did not return. down. Hideyoshi knew that Oda Nobunaga would not listen to him once he brought it up.
At that time, Takenaka Hanbei set up a scapegoat for the time being and secretly hid his son in an attempt to pretend he was dead. As a result, Kuroda Kanbei confessed that he did not actually execute his son when Nobunaga regretted it after learning that he had not betrayed him because he was imprisoned, and as a result, he was evaluated by Nobunaga. I was.
Advantages of Oda Nobunaga
There are several things that Oda Nobunaga was superior to other Sengoku warlords.
In a nutshell, I think he didn’t focus only on winning the battle, but looked at it comprehensively.
Let’s take a look at some of the differences.
How to use Azuchi Castle
During the Warring States period, castles were built to be easy to defend even if attacked. In the case of Azuchi Castle, it is believed that it was built not only for protection but also as a symbol of authority.
Other Sengoku daimyo, aristocrats, temples and shrines, and the general public may cooperate with him by intimidating him, saying, “Nobunaga is an amazing military commander!” Azuchi Castle doesn’t exist now, so you can’t see it.
Economically prioritized Rakuichi Rakuza
As I mentioned earlier about the power of temples and shrines, Nobunaga Oda focused on revitalizing the economy.
He conducts Rakuichi Rakuza etc. in his territory.
Elimination of existing exclusivity rights
Creating a system to accept new vendors
Eliminate Toll Tax
Elimination of tax exemptions for certain vendors
eliminate privileged groups of merchants
I will work on that. It’s not the first time I’ve done Rakuichi Rakuza, but I’m one of the pioneers who broke the convention. The fight is against not only battles but also rights relations and is partly successful. That may be why he had more enemies than other Sengoku daimyo.
Nobunaga had the foresight to introduce guns into the war as soon as possible, and the curiosity to actively listen to the opinions of foreigners such as Frois. At that time, the price of guns was very expensive.
I think that other Sengoku daimyo also thought guns were important, but they succeeded in owning guns because they were interested in them from an early age and had a challenging spirit. In addition, there is also an episode where I understood immediately that the earth is round when I heard that the globe was shown by Frois.
I think it’s precisely because I have a strong curiosity that I can come up with ideas that can adapt to new things.
Oda Nobunaga dies in the Honnoji Incident
Nobunaga Oda was finally killed by Mitsuhide Akechi. However, there are still many doubts as to why he was killed by his vassal Mitsuhide Akechi.
It seems that there are several factors, such as the fact that Oda Nobunaga’s personality did not match, or that the territory was taken, but I would like to summarize it in another article later.
No. 1 historical person you want to be a boss
“I think I’ll pull everyone together.”
Young people born between the late 1990s and around 2010 are now known as Generation Z. Nobunaga Oda was chosen as the first person in the “Z generation”.
Nobunaga Oda, who ranked 1st, has the image of being “a short-term and scary person”, but on the other hand, there are many comments such as “I think he has a wonderful way of thinking” and “I think he will pull everyone with his eccentric ideas” due to his unique personality that is not bound by common sense. A bullish attitude seems to be reflected in Generation Z as charisma.
I would be happy if you could refer to it even a little.
Thank you for reading to the end.