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What is the teaching of Jigoro Kano, who looks back on the history of judo techniques?

柔道の技の歴史を振り返る嘉納治五郎の教えとは?英語記事
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TOM
TOM

Judo has become a popular sport all over the world, but a long time ago, there were many schools of Jiu-Jitsu. “How did you learn judo?”

 

ゆず子
ゆず子

I want to know who created judo! When I googled judo, the name “Jigoro Kano” was searched, but what kind of great man is this person?

 

I will answer these questions.

What is the teaching of Jigoro Kano, who looks back on the history of judo techniques?

 

Jigoro Kano, the Father of Judo, What Are the “Soul, Technique, and Body Matching” and “Strength”?

It was the middle of the Meiji era, during the Rokumeikan period, and the world was intoxicated by the flourishing of civilization. The culture of the developed countries of Europe and the United States was unconditionally admired and accepted, and on the other hand, the traditional Japanese culture, regardless of whether it was good or bad, gradually lost interest.

Under these circumstances, a young man unexpectedly begins learning jiu-jitsu. Unable to stop the brute who challenged him by force, this small young man realized his powerlessness and decided to train in jiu-jitsu to deal with it with “jutsu.”

In this article, we will introduce Jigoro Kano, who is said to be the father of Japanese judo.

■Summary of this article

・The Road to Judo: Integrating the Strengths of Various Jiu-Jitsu Styles

・The road to Judo: I want to preserve the preciousness of Japan

・The Road to Judo: Unity of mind, technique and body

・Activities to attract the Tokyo Olympics

 

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The Road to Judo: Integrating the Strengths of Jiu-Jitsu Styles

In the early Meiji period, traditional Japanese martial arts such as swordsmanship and jiu-jitsu were dismissed as unrefined and barbaric. Prominent martial arts practitioners also closed their dojos one after another due to the poverty of their lives and sought other sources of income.

Under such circumstances, Jigoro Kano spent several years looking for his teacher, and finally met him. is.

I learned that there are many styles of jiu-jitsu, and each style has its own characteristics, such as those that emphasize stand-up techniques, those that only teach ground techniques, and those that only train joint techniques.

Jigoro Kano said, “Now, ancient jujutsu is in danger of decline. We have no choice but to fight back,” I thought.

Who is Jigoro Kano?

On October 28, 1860, he was born in Higashinada Ward, Kobe City, Hyogo Prefecture, as the third son of his father, Jiro Saku, who was a sake brewer.
At the age of 11, he was summoned to Tokyo by his father, who held a government position in Tokyo. After studying kanji and English, he entered the government-run foreign language school as a university preparatory course, and entered the University of Tokyo in 1877.

After graduating, Jigoro Kano taught at Gakushuin. Kano was severely criticized by the parents of his students, senior and colleague teachers, and those around him, saying that while he was a teacher who should be on the cutting edge of the times, it was unreasonable to study traditional martial arts (jiu-jitsu). .

If he had been an obscure aspiring martial artist, he wouldn’t have caused so much of a stir…

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I want to preserve the preciousness of Japan

武道が学びを受ける姿勢から瞑想

The principal of Gakushuin called Kano and persuaded him to quit jiu-jitsu. “Why would a person like you do something that goes against civilization?”

At this point, Kano only answered with one word. “I want to preserve the preciousness of Japan,” Kano said. is.

Then, how can one’s jiu-jitsu remain in posterity?

While Kano served Gakushuin, he lodged at Eisho-ji Temple in Shitaya Kitainari-cho. Using his individual study as a dojo, he studied the integration of Tenjin Shinyo-ryu’s shibori and joint wrestling, and Kito-ryu’s standing technique, and seriously refined his techniques.

Birth of Kodokan Judo

Kodokan judo was virtually born, but Kano had many enemies. existed outside of school. “It’s outrageous for a Gakushuin teacher to get involved in jiu-jitsu. was hostile to In the process of learning other styles, Kano feels that it is inevitable that he will fight them.

But Kano can’t run away. He just sticks to his original intention. “As I learned jiu-jitsu, I came to feel deeply that it was not only fun, but also effective training for the mind and body.” It wasn’t something that happened as an act, but something that was devised for the sake of winning.”

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match of mind, technique and body

武術の道は心技体が理想
Kano divides the teachings of “unity of mind, technique, and body” that have been handed down from generation to generation in Japanese martial arts into three. ‘ I realized.
big judo

Shushinho (spiritual training)——–mind
How to win (martial arts) —————– Skills
Kneading method (physical education)————–body

 

Kano calls these three ideals “great judo.”

While seeking the understanding of those around him, he finally founded Kodokan Judo.

Kodokan Judo

However, at first, it was difficult for the general public to recognize the Kodokan. It was seen only as an emerging school of jiu-jitsu. In order to make the ideal of judo known to the world, there was no other way than to prove its excellence by competing against old-style jujitsu.

Kano gave his disciples thorough gifted education. Young jujitsu practitioners who had already distinguished themselves through training in the old style were scouted as uchideshi, and had them hone the spirit and techniques of Kodokan judo, which was imaginative and ingenious, in “randori” practice.

Kodokan Four Heavenly Kings

・Shiro Saigo, who is said to be the model of Sanshiro Sugata
・ Sakujiro Yokoyama
・Yoshiaki Yamashita
・Tsunejiro Tomita

 

At that time, the supreme authority in the Japanese martial arts world, the “Metropolitan Police Department Martial Arts Tournament,” was held by the four of them, who created the glorious history of the Kodokan by defeating the strongest fighters of old-style jujutsu and winning consecutive victories.

Kano had to use his income as a teacher and the fees for translated manuscripts to cover all expenses for training uchi deshi and popularizing judo.

Without complaining, Kano will steadily lay the groundwork for realizing his ideals.

Tokyo Olympic invitation activity

In 1888, a branch office was opened in Nirayama, Izu. Later, branch offices were established in various places, and finally the company reached the United States.

As a result, in 1926, it had grown into an organization with 37,000 disciples. Behind this rapid development is the fact that the traditional jiu-jitsu process of progressing from a list to a license was revised, and a system was devised to progress from kyu to dan, and moreover, a black belt was adopted for beginners, and a white belt for beginners. There was a tearful and thorough attitude of research, such as the development of highly popular judo uniforms, research on other martial arts (karate and bojutsu), and the establishment of match rules.

In 1909, Kano was elected as the first Japanese member of the International Olympic Committee (IOC). On his way home from the Pacific Ocean, he passed away at the age of 79 on the Hikawa Maru.

In his later years, when Kano was asked to write calligraphy, he would always

“Must be strong”

I did it.

“If you put in the effort, you’ll definitely reach it”…

 

I would be happy if you could refer to it even a little.

Thank you for reading to the end.

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